examples of scope and limitations in research paper

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Examples of scope and limitations in research paper how to write a main thesis

Examples of scope and limitations in research paper

However, it is important that you restrict your discussion to limitations related to the research problem under investigation. For example, if a meta-analysis of existing literature is not a stated purpose of your research, it should not be discussed as a limitation. Do not apologize for not addressing issues that you did not promise to investigate in your paper. Here are examples of limitations you may need to describe and to discuss how they possibly impacted your findings.

Descriptions of limitations should be stated in the past tense. Business Research Methods. Powerpoint Presentation. Regent University of Science and Technology. Information about the limitations of your study are generally placed either at the beginning of the discussion section of your paper so the reader knows and understands the limitations before reading the rest of your analysis of the findings, or, the limitations are outlined at the conclusion of the discussion section as an acknowledgement of the need for further study.

Statements about a study's limitations should not be buried in the body [middle] of the discussion section unless a limitation is specific to something covered in that part of the paper. If this is the case, though, the limitation should be reiterated at the conclusion of the section. If you determine that your study is seriously flawed due to important limitations , such as, an inability to acquire critical data, consider reframing it as a pilot study intended to lay the groundwork for a more complete research study in the future.

Be sure, though, to specifically explain the ways that these flaws can be successfully overcome in later studies. But, do not use this as an excuse for not developing a thorough research paper! Review the tab in this guide for developing a research topic. If serious limitations exist, it generally indicates a likelihood that your research problem is too narrowly defined or that the issue or event under study is too recent and, thus, very little research has been written about it.

If serious limitations do emerge, consult with your professor about possible ways to overcome them or how to reframe your study. When discussing the limitations of your research, be sure to:. Remember that the method you chose may be the source of a significant limitation that has emerged during your interpretation of the results [for example, you didn't ask a particular question in a survey that you later wish you had].

If this is the case, don't panic. Acknowledge it, and explain how applying a different or more robust methodology might address the research problem more effectively in any future study. A underlying goal of scholarly research is not only to prove what works, but to demonstrate what doesn't work or what needs further clarification.

Limitations are not Properly Acknowledged in the Scientific Literature. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 60 : ; Pasek, Josh. January 24, Institute for Writing Rhetoric. Purdue University. Don't Inflate the Importance of Your Findings! We all want our academic work to be viewed as excellent and worthy of a good grade, but it is important that you understand and openly acknowledge the limitiations of your study.

Inflating of the importance of your study's findings in an attempt hide its flaws is a big turn off to your readers. A measure of humility goes a long way! Negative Results are Not a Limitation! Negative evidence refers to findings that unexpectedly challenge rather than support your hypothesis.

If you didn't get the results you anticipated, it may mean your hypothesis was incorrect and needs to be reformulated, or, perhaps you have stumbled onto something unexpected that warrants further study. Moreover, the absence of an effect may be very telling in many situations, particularly in experimental research designs.

In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis. Do not fall into the trap of thinking that results contrary to what you expected is a limitation to your study. If you carried out the research well, they are simply your results and only require additional interpretation. Sample sizes are typically smaller in qualitative research because, as the study goes on, acquiring more data does not necessarily lead to more information.

This is because one occurrence of a piece of data, or a code, is all that is necessary to ensure that it becomes part of the analysis framework. However, it remains true that sample sizes that are too small cannot adequately support claims of having achieved valid conclusions and sample sizes that are too large do not permit the deep, naturalistic, and inductive analysis that defines qualitative inquiry.

Determining adequate sample size in qualitative research is ultimately a matter of judgment and experience in evaluating the quality of the information collected against the uses to which it will be applied and the particular research method and purposeful sampling strategy employed. If the sample size is found to be a limitation, it may reflect your judgement about the methodological technique chosen [e.

Huberman, A. Michael and Matthew B. Data Management and Analysis Methods. In Handbook of Qualitative Research. Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln, eds. Limitations, however, aim to identify potential weaknesses of the study. Limitations are influences that the researcher cannot control. Delimitations are choices made by the researcher which should be mentioned. They describe the boundaries that you have set for the study. Both are important because they help to put the research findings into context, and although they explain how the study is limited, they increase the credibility and validity of a research project.

It is followed by an explanation of the limitation of the research. Research usually limited in scope by sample size, time and geographic area. While the delimitation of study is the description of the scope of study. It will explain why definite aspects of a subject were chosen and why others were excluded. Examples of delimitations include objectives, research questions, variables, theoretical objectives that you have adopted, and populations chosen as targets to study.

When you are stating your delimitations, clearly inform readers why you chose this course of study. Limit your delimitations to the things that a reader might reasonably expect you to do but that you, for clearly explained reasons, have decided not to do. The significance of the study is a section in the introduction of your thesis or paper.

Good study skills can increase your confidence, competence, and self-esteem. They can also reduce anxiety about tests and deadlines. Good study skills can improve your ability to learn and retain knowledge. Students who use effective study skills may feel their work and effort is more worthwhile. Research ethics are important for a number of reasons.

They promote the aims of research, such as expanding knowledge. They support the values required for collaborative work, such as mutual respect and fairness. They support important social and moral values, such as the principle of doing no harm to others.

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But, do not use this as an excuse for not developing a thorough research paper! Review the tab in this guide for developing a research topic. If serious limitations exist, it generally indicates a likelihood that your research problem is too narrowly defined or that the issue or event under study is too recent and, thus, very little research has been written about it. If serious limitations do emerge, consult with your professor about possible ways to overcome them or how to reframe your study.

When discussing the limitations of your research, be sure to:. Remember that the method you chose may be the source of a significant limitation that has emerged during your interpretation of the results [for example, you didn't ask a particular question in a survey that you later wish you had].

If this is the case, don't panic. Acknowledge it, and explain how applying a different or more robust methodology might address the research problem more effectively in any future study. A underlying goal of scholarly research is not only to prove what works, but to demonstrate what doesn't work or what needs further clarification. Limitations are not Properly Acknowledged in the Scientific Literature. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 60 : ; Pasek, Josh.

January 24, Institute for Writing Rhetoric. Purdue University. Don't Inflate the Importance of Your Findings! We all want our academic work to be viewed as excellent and worthy of a good grade, but it is important that you understand and openly acknowledge the limitiations of your study.

Inflating of the importance of your study's findings in an attempt hide its flaws is a big turn off to your readers. A measure of humility goes a long way! Negative Results are Not a Limitation! Negative evidence refers to findings that unexpectedly challenge rather than support your hypothesis.

If you didn't get the results you anticipated, it may mean your hypothesis was incorrect and needs to be reformulated, or, perhaps you have stumbled onto something unexpected that warrants further study. Moreover, the absence of an effect may be very telling in many situations, particularly in experimental research designs.

In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis. Do not fall into the trap of thinking that results contrary to what you expected is a limitation to your study. If you carried out the research well, they are simply your results and only require additional interpretation.

Sample sizes are typically smaller in qualitative research because, as the study goes on, acquiring more data does not necessarily lead to more information. This is because one occurrence of a piece of data, or a code, is all that is necessary to ensure that it becomes part of the analysis framework.

However, it remains true that sample sizes that are too small cannot adequately support claims of having achieved valid conclusions and sample sizes that are too large do not permit the deep, naturalistic, and inductive analysis that defines qualitative inquiry. Determining adequate sample size in qualitative research is ultimately a matter of judgment and experience in evaluating the quality of the information collected against the uses to which it will be applied and the particular research method and purposeful sampling strategy employed.

If the sample size is found to be a limitation, it may reflect your judgement about the methodological technique chosen [e. Huberman, A. Michael and Matthew B. Data Management and Analysis Methods. In Handbook of Qualitative Research. Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln, eds. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, , pp. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.

If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Definition The limitations of the study are those characteristics of design or methodology that impacted or influenced the application or interpretation of the results of your study.

Importance of Descriptions of Possible Limitations All studies have limitations. Possible Methodological Limitations Sample size -- the number of the units of analysis you use in your study is dictated by the type of research problem you are investigating.

Note that, if your sample size is too small, it will be difficult to find significant relationships from the data, as statistical tests normally require a larger sample size to ensure a representative distribution of the population and to be considered representative of groups of people to whom results will be generalized or transferred. You need to not only describe these limitations but to offer reasons why you believe data is missing or is unreliable.

Lack of prior research studies on the topic -- citing prior research studies forms the basis of your literature review and helps lay a foundation for understanding the research problem you are investigating.

Depending on the currency or scope of your research topic, there may be little, if any, prior research on your topic. The study would be done through the utilization of questionnaire to the students as a survey and reference. By their strategy the researchers will be able to know the effects of stress and depression to grade 9 and grade 10 students. In this study the students can be aware on things that depression can do to them. This research would also be Beneficial to teachers and administrators because they will be able to understand the changes of the behavior,perception in life and academic performances of the students that were engaged to stress and depression.

They can easily cope up to the students attitude. This research would be help to the parents They can know the effects of stress and depression to their child. The parents knowing the risk of depression they can help to prevent and avoid their child to be depressed.

This research would be beneficial to the future researcher because they can get some information that might needed in their research and some of their question may possibly be answered by this research. Download file.

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Practical Research- Indicating Scope and Delimitation of the Study

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What Is Scope and Delimitation in Research? The scope and delimitations of a thesis, dissertation or research paper define the topic and. Limitations, also known as the bounds, are influences that the researcher cannot control. They are the shortcomings, conditions or influences that cannot be. Generally, the scope of a research paper is followed by its limitations. As a researcher, you have to be careful when you define your scope.