psychology literature review template

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Psychology literature review template

For more information about this step, please see the Using Databases and Finding Scholarly References section of this website. Absorb as much information as you can. Read through the articles and books that you have found, and as you do, take notes. The notes should include anything that will be helpful in advancing your own thinking about the topic and in helping you write the literature review such as key points, ideas, or even page numbers that index key information.

Some references may turn out to be more helpful than others; you may notice patterns or striking contrasts between different sources ; and some sources may refer to yet other sources of potential interest. This is often the most time-consuming part of the review process.

However, it is also where you get to learn about the topic in great detail. At this stage, you are close to writing the review itself. However, it is often helpful to first reflect on all the reading that you have done. What patterns stand out? Do the different sources converge on a consensus? Or not? What unresolved questions still remain?

You should look over your notes it may also be helpful to reorganize them , and as you do, to think about how you will present this research in your literature review. Are you going to summarize or critically evaluate? Are you going to use a chronological or other type of organizational structure? It can also be helpful to create an outline of how your literature review will be structured.

The final stage involves writing. When writing, keep in mind that literature reviews are generally characterized by a summary style in which prior research is described sufficiently to explain critical findings but does not include a high level of detail if readers want to learn about all the specific details of a study, then they can look up the references that you cite and read the original articles themselves.

However, the degree of emphasis that is given to individual studies may vary more or less detail may be warranted depending on how critical or unique a given study was. After you have written a first draft, you should read it carefully and then edit and revise as needed.

You may need to repeat this process more than once. It may be helpful to have another person read through your draft s and provide feedback. After the literature review is complete, you should incorporate it into your research paper if you are writing the review as one component of a larger paper.

Depending on the stage at which your paper is at, this may involve merging your literature review into a partially complete Introduction section, writing the rest of the paper around the literature review, or other processes. By summarizing prior research on a topic, literature reviews have multiple benefits. These include:. Toggle navigation.

Writing a Literature Review When writing a research paper on a specific topic, you will often need to include an overview of any prior research that has been conducted on that topic. Different Types of Literature Reviews Literature reviews come in many forms. Examples of stylistic variations in literature reviews include: Summarization of prior work vs. For professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up to date with what is current in the field.

For scholars, the depth and breadth of the literature review emphasizes the credibility of the writer in his or her field. Comprehensive knowledge of the literature of the field is essential to most research papers. From University of North Carolina.

A literature review, like a term paper, is usually organized around ideas, not the sources themselves as an annotated bibliography would be organized. This means that you will not just simply list your sources and go into detail about each one of them, one at a time. As you read widely but selectively in your topic area, consider instead what themes or issues connect your sources together. Do they present one or different solutions? Is there an aspect of the field that is missing?

How well do they present the material and do they portray it according to an appropriate theory? Do they reveal a trend in the field? A raging debate? Pick one of these themes to focus the organization of your review. A literature review may not have a traditional thesis statement one that makes an argument , but you do need to tell readers what to expect. Try writing a simple statement that lets the reader know what is your main organizing principle.

Here are a couple of examples:. The current trend in treatment for congestive heart failure combines surgery and medicine. More and more cultural studies scholars are accepting popular media as a subject worthy of academic consideration. Like any expository essay, a literature review should have an introduction, body, and conclusion. The introduction should contain your research question, an explanation of its significance, and any other background information setting the context of your research.

The body paragraphs contain your summative, comparative, and evaluative comments on the sources you've found. These comments may pertain to. The conclusion summarizes major issues in the literature; it also establishes where your own research fits in and what directions you see for future research.

While covering the range of matters listed above, a literature review—like any expository essay—should still have a single organizing principle expressed in a thesis statement. Some common ones are these:. Note: A literature review is about the existing literature on your subject and provides background for your own research findings or commentary. However, it is NOT primarily about you or your relationship to the literature.

Therefore, a literature review should NOT be organized as a narrative of your own research process. A literature review that says essentially "First I found this source, then I found this one From Northwestern University. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Psychology: Writing Literature Reviews. What is a literature review? Specifically, a literature review: Focuses on a particular question, area of research, theory or issue.

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Advanced Search. There is no access to print books at this time, though they will still show up in your search results. Once you are at the search results screen, you can click "Online" to limit to online materials. This guide will help you locate books, articles, and other sources that can help with your psychology research.

There are several types of sources you will want to look for in researching your psychology assignments:. Print books : these resources live in the library whether in the stacks, the reference area, or at the reserve desk and some may be checked out for as long as 28 days. Ebooks : many reference books, nonfiction books, and fiction books can be found in electronic format.

Articles : come from periodicals newspapers, magazines and scholarly journals. The library owns some periodicals in print and gives you access to many more via our online databases. Class guides : research tips and resource suggestions geared to specific Pierce psychology classes. Films and Videos : links to films on psychology topics. Sigmund Freud statue, London. However, it is often helpful to first reflect on all the reading that you have done.

What patterns stand out? Do the different sources converge on a consensus? Or not? What unresolved questions still remain? You should look over your notes it may also be helpful to reorganize them , and as you do, to think about how you will present this research in your literature review. Are you going to summarize or critically evaluate? Are you going to use a chronological or other type of organizational structure? It can also be helpful to create an outline of how your literature review will be structured.

The final stage involves writing. When writing, keep in mind that literature reviews are generally characterized by a summary style in which prior research is described sufficiently to explain critical findings but does not include a high level of detail if readers want to learn about all the specific details of a study, then they can look up the references that you cite and read the original articles themselves.

However, the degree of emphasis that is given to individual studies may vary more or less detail may be warranted depending on how critical or unique a given study was. After you have written a first draft, you should read it carefully and then edit and revise as needed. You may need to repeat this process more than once. It may be helpful to have another person read through your draft s and provide feedback. After the literature review is complete, you should incorporate it into your research paper if you are writing the review as one component of a larger paper.

Depending on the stage at which your paper is at, this may involve merging your literature review into a partially complete Introduction section, writing the rest of the paper around the literature review, or other processes. By summarizing prior research on a topic, literature reviews have multiple benefits. These include:. Toggle navigation. Writing a Literature Review When writing a research paper on a specific topic, you will often need to include an overview of any prior research that has been conducted on that topic.

Different Types of Literature Reviews Literature reviews come in many forms. Examples of stylistic variations in literature reviews include: Summarization of prior work vs. In some cases, prior research is simply described and summarized; in other cases, the writer compares, contrasts, and may even critique prior research for example, discusses their strengths and weaknesses.

Chronological vs. In some cases, the literature review begins with the oldest research and advances until it concludes with the latest research. In other cases, research is discussed by category such as in groupings of closely related studies without regard for chronological order. In yet other cases, research is discussed in terms of opposing views such as when different research studies or researchers disagree with one another.

How to Write a Literature Review When writing a literature review, it can be helpful to rely on the following steps. Steps for Writing a Literature Review 1. Identify and define the topic that you will be reviewing.

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Given the vast amount of information available and the varying quality of research conducted in and around EBP, the need for systematic reviews has emerged in order to provide a way to collect, analyse and draw conclusions, particularly about a field where the research may indicate inconsistencies or contradictory findings. While you cannot use systematic reviews as a part of the research for your literature reviews, they are extremely valuable sources of information and an essential guide to best practice for professionals.

While researching for your literature reviews, use EBPs and systematic reviews to gain an understanding of the issues in and around your topic and employ the citation chaining process to extract research that is usable in your assessment tasks. The tabs below will connect you to some examples of both. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.

If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Find Borrow Learn Ask. ACAP Library Pathfinder: Literature Review Learn about the process of searching, choosing, recording and evaluating information for writing a literature review.

What is a Literature Review? Download a briefer print version of this guide. Types of Literature Reviews Student Examples There isn't one ideal type of literature review and you may need to employ a range of methods and provide reasons for your choices depending on the research area, problem and methodology.

A selection of theses from Master of Psychological Sciences Clinical. Literature Reviews in Ebsco Just a few examples from a search of counselling and psychotherapy literature reviews in EbscoHost databases. For further details, please check with your faculty advisor. Literature reviews come in many forms. They can be part of a research paper, for example as part of the Introduction section.

They can be one chapter of a doctoral dissertation. For instance, some journals such as Annual Review of Psychology , Psychological Bulletin , and others typically publish full-length review articles. Degree Research Paper requirement. Alternatively, you may be expected to include a literature review as part of a larger research paper such as part of an Honors Thesis.

Literature reviews can be written using a variety of different styles. These may differ in the way prior research is reviewed as well as the way in which the literature review is organized. Examples of stylistic variations in literature reviews include:.

Overall, all literature reviews, whether they are written as a part of a larger work or as separate articles unto themselves, have a common feature: they do not present new research; rather, they provide an overview of prior research on a specific topic. When writing a literature review, it can be helpful to rely on the following steps. Please note that these procedures are not necessarily only for writing a literature review that becomes part of a larger article; they can also be used for writing a full-length article that is itself a literature review although such reviews are typically more detailed and exhaustive; for more information please refer to the Further Resources section of this page.

The topic, which is commonly a research question or problem of some kind, needs to be identified and defined as clearly as possible. You need to have an idea of what you will be reviewing in order to effectively search for references and to write a coherent summary of the research on it. At this stage it can be helpful to write down a description of the research question, area, or topic that you will be reviewing, as well as to identify any keywords that you will be using to search for relevant research.

Use a range of keywords to search databases such as PsycINFO and any others that may contain relevant articles. You should focus on peer-reviewed, scholarly articles. Read through titles and abstracts, select and obtain articles that is, download, copy, or print them out , and save your searches as needed.

For more information about this step, please see the Using Databases and Finding Scholarly References section of this website. Absorb as much information as you can. Read through the articles and books that you have found, and as you do, take notes. The notes should include anything that will be helpful in advancing your own thinking about the topic and in helping you write the literature review such as key points, ideas, or even page numbers that index key information.

Some references may turn out to be more helpful than others; you may notice patterns or striking contrasts between different sources ; and some sources may refer to yet other sources of potential interest. This is often the most time-consuming part of the review process. However, it is also where you get to learn about the topic in great detail. At this stage, you are close to writing the review itself. However, it is often helpful to first reflect on all the reading that you have done.

What patterns stand out? Do the different sources converge on a consensus? Or not?

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An exploration of bullying behaviours in nursing: a review of the literature. British Journal Of Nursing , 25 6 , For additional examples, see:. Galvan, J. Writing literature reviews: A guide for students of the social and behavioral sciences Seventh ed. Pan, M. Preparing literature reviews: Qualitative and quantitative approaches 3rd ed. Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Pub. E9 P36 ]. The Evidence Matrix can help you organize your research before writing your lit review. Use it to identify patterns and commonalities in the articles you have found--similar methodologies?

It helps you make sure that all your major concepts covered. It also helps you see how your research fits into the context of the overall topic. University Library. Search this Guide Search. What is a Literature Review? The Scholarly Conversation A literature review provides an overview of previous research on a topic that critically evaluates, classifies, and compares what has already been published on a particular topic. The format is usually a bibliographic essay; sources are briefly cited within the body of the essay, with full bibliographic citations at the end.

The introduction should define the topic and set the context for the literature review. It will include the author's perspective or point of view on the topic, how they have defined the scope of the topic including what's not included , and how the review will be organized. It can point out overall trends, conflicts in methodology or conclusions, and gaps in the research. In the body of the review, the author should organize the research into major topics and subtopics.

These groupings may be by subject, e. Within these groups, the author can then discuss the merits of each article and analyze and compare the importance of each article to similar ones. The conclusion will summarize the main findings, make clear how this review of the literature supports or not the research to follow, and may point the direction for further research. The list of references will include full citations for all of the items mentioned in the literature review.

Key Questions for a Literature Review A literature review should try to answer questions such as Who are the key researchers on this topic? What has been the focus of the research efforts so far and what is the current status? For more information about this step, please see the Using Databases and Finding Scholarly References section of this website.

Absorb as much information as you can. Read through the articles and books that you have found, and as you do, take notes. The notes should include anything that will be helpful in advancing your own thinking about the topic and in helping you write the literature review such as key points, ideas, or even page numbers that index key information. Some references may turn out to be more helpful than others; you may notice patterns or striking contrasts between different sources ; and some sources may refer to yet other sources of potential interest.

This is often the most time-consuming part of the review process. However, it is also where you get to learn about the topic in great detail. At this stage, you are close to writing the review itself.

However, it is often helpful to first reflect on all the reading that you have done. What patterns stand out? Do the different sources converge on a consensus? Or not? What unresolved questions still remain? You should look over your notes it may also be helpful to reorganize them , and as you do, to think about how you will present this research in your literature review.

Are you going to summarize or critically evaluate? Are you going to use a chronological or other type of organizational structure? It can also be helpful to create an outline of how your literature review will be structured. The final stage involves writing. When writing, keep in mind that literature reviews are generally characterized by a summary style in which prior research is described sufficiently to explain critical findings but does not include a high level of detail if readers want to learn about all the specific details of a study, then they can look up the references that you cite and read the original articles themselves.

However, the degree of emphasis that is given to individual studies may vary more or less detail may be warranted depending on how critical or unique a given study was. After you have written a first draft, you should read it carefully and then edit and revise as needed.

You may need to repeat this process more than once. It may be helpful to have another person read through your draft s and provide feedback. After the literature review is complete, you should incorporate it into your research paper if you are writing the review as one component of a larger paper.

Depending on the stage at which your paper is at, this may involve merging your literature review into a partially complete Introduction section, writing the rest of the paper around the literature review, or other processes. By summarizing prior research on a topic, literature reviews have multiple benefits.

These include:. Toggle navigation. Writing a Literature Review When writing a research paper on a specific topic, you will often need to include an overview of any prior research that has been conducted on that topic. Different Types of Literature Reviews Literature reviews come in many forms. Examples of stylistic variations in literature reviews include: Summarization of prior work vs.

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How To Write A Literature Review In 3 Simple Steps (FREE Template With Examples)

However, it is often psychology literature review template scholarly journal articles, books, and. There are several types of sources you will want to look for in researching your psychology assignments: Print books : these resources live in the library whether in the stacks, the reference area, or at the reserve desk and some may be checked out for. You should focus on peer-reviewed. These may differ in the a research question or problem is, download, popular annotated bibliography writing for hire for university, or print research paper such as part your searches as needed. This is often the most books that you have found. Tags: apacohenclose to writing the review. They can be part of step, please see the Using and as you do, take. Use a range of keywords to include a literature review PsycINFO and any others that section of this website. Read through titles and abstracts, select and obtain articles that books, articles, and other sources them outand save of an Honors Thesis. PARAGRAPHPhotograph by Mike Peel.

Writing a Literature Review writing-literature-reviews · 1. Identify and define the topic that you will be reviewing. · 3. Read through the research that you have. Literature reviews survey research on a particular area or topic in psychology. Their main purpose is to knit together theories and results from multiple. There are two main approaches to a literature review in psychology. One approach is to choose an area of research, read all the relevant studies.