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Research paper about alcoholic beverages

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Impact of anaerobically treated and untreated raw distillery effluent irrigation on soil microflora, growth, total chlorophyll and protein contents of Phaseolus aureus L. Impact of distillery effluent untreated and treated irrigation on soil microflora of the pots used for growing Phaseolus aureus L. The growth of the P. Reduction in shoot, root, lengths, biomass, chlorophyll, protein contents of P. All the concentrations of raw distillery effluent reduced the bacterial population.

Raw distillery effluent was more toxic to P. Raw distillery effluent had adverse effect to total chlorophyll contents and all the test concentrations reduced the total chlorophyll level. However, untreated raw distillery effluent stimulated the protein content initially. Biotechnological process for obtaining new fermented products from cashew apple fruit by Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains.

In Brazil, the use of cashew apple Anacardium occidentale L. This work focuses on the development of an alcoholic product obtained by the fermentation of cashew apple juice. The inoculation with two different strains of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae viz. Each inoculum was added to 1, ml of cashew must. After 6 days, the fermentation process was completed, cells removed by filtration and centrifugation, and the products were stabilized under refrigeration for a period of 20 days.

Optimization of brewery's spent grain dilute-acid hydrolysis for the production of pentose-rich culture media. The Prevalence of Diet-Induced Migraine. Twenty-nine percent of the patients reported sensitivity to alcohol; again this was significantly associated with sensitivity to the three food stuffs, though a substantial number of patients were sensitive to alcohol but not foods. Thirty-one percent of female patients believed that oral contraceptives precipitated headaches, but this could not be related to any dietary response.

Patients with affected relatives were significantly more likely to report sensitivity to alcohol and chocolate; sensitivity to cheese and citrus fruit was less strongly related, and there was no relationship at all for oral contraceptives. These correlations suggest that food induced headaches are mediated by chemical constituents common to these foods.

Ingredients and contaminants of traditional alcoholic beverages in Tanzania. Home-made but commercially available alcoholic beverages were collected in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and analysed for their congener alcohol, additive, aflatoxin and heavy metal contents. Ethanol concentrations of the 15 brewed samples Ethanol concentrations of the 15 brewed samples ranged from 2.

Aflatoxin B1 was found in 9 brewed beverages, suggesting the use of contaminated grain or fruit for their production. One brewed beverage contained toxic amount of manganese Both distilled spirits were rich in fusel alcohols and one was fortified by caffeine. The results suggested that impurities and contaminants possibly associated with severe health risks, including carcinogens, are often found in traditional alcoholic beverages. Continuous daily drinking of these beverages is certain to increase health risks.

Contaminated grain or fruit rejected from foodstuff production should not be used for the production of alcoholic beverages. Pulping of blue agave waste, from the production of tequila, was evaluated by both chemical and biomechanical pulping processes. Two conventional and two organosolv systems were used to pulp the agave waste under a standard set of Two conventional and two organosolv systems were used to pulp the agave waste under a standard set of conditions.

The soda-ethanol process was superior in terms of delignification and pulp properties in comparison to the soda and ethanol organosolv processes for pulping of agave waste; however, the kraft process gave the best strength properties. In general, the strength of the agave waste pulps was rather poor in comparison to wood and other agro-based pulps; however, the tear strength was relatively high. Fungal treatment of the agave waste with Ceriporiopsis subvermispora reduced the energy consumption for mechanical refining but gave biomechanical pulps with inferior strength properties.

The blue agave chemical pulps should be suitable for blending with softwood kraft pulps for publication grade paper. Risk factors for renal cell carcinoma in Denmark. Role of socioeconomic status, tobacco use, beverages, and family history. Cardioprotective effects of red wine and vodka in a model of endothelial dysfunction. Mechanism for reduced pericardial adhesion formation in hypercholesterolemic swine supplemented with alcohol. Alcohol Advertising and Youth. Media, product differences and seasonality in alcohol advertising in To spell out recent events related to the alcohol advertising controversy and to describe the extent of alcohol advertising for 1 year, the media favored for advertising different types of alcoholic beverages and seasonal variation in Second, as described previously, several studies have reported a decreased risk of CHD among moderate drinkers Klatsky Finally, according to the so-called French Paradox, French people have a low mortality rate from CHD despite a high intake in saturated fats.

To investigate this issue in more detail, researchers have used a human model equivalent to the OVEX rats i. The study recruited 24 postmenopausal women ranging from ages 57 to 59 46 percent from minority populations who were not using estrogen replacement therapy i.

The women were all light social drinkers or abstainers and consumed no alcohol during the study. The study evaluated the effects of four types of alcoholic beverage congeners i. Thus, six women received white wine congeners, seven women received red wine congeners, six women received beer congeners, and five women received bourbon congeners.

Every evening for 4 weeks, each woman consumed a congener preparation corresponding to one standard drink of that beverage. To evaluate whether the women showed a clinically relevant response indicating exposure to biologically active estrogenic substances in the congener preparations, the researchers measured the levels of several hormones and other proteins. These included three hormones produced in the pituitary gland i. If the congeners contained biologically active phytoestrogens, the FSH and LH levels should decrease as described previously, whereas prolactin levels should increase.

To determine the baseline levels of the markers before the women were exposed to the congener preparations, blood samples were obtained at the onset of the study see figure 2 , p. During the 4-week period of daily congener ingestion, blood samples were drawn each week. In addition, the subjects were weighed weekly. Finally, blood samples were obtained 1 week after the women had stopped ingesting the beverage congeners to determine whether the amounts of hormones and binding proteins had returned to baseline levels.

Thus, each woman served as her own control. The researchers then could determine the highest i. For each study participant, the values then were compared with the corresponding levels before congener exposure began. Thus, the levels of FSH and LH decreased, with trough levels significantly lower than baseline levels. Conversely, the levels of prolactin, HDL cholesterol, and SHBG increased during the study period and reached peak levels that were significantly higher than the baseline levels.

In addition, following the recovery period of 1 week, the levels of all five markers returned to values that did not differ significantly from baseline levels. No statistically significant differences existed in the estrogenic effects of the various congener concentrates. Effects of alcoholic beverage congeners on A follicle-stimulating hormone FSH and B luteinizing hormone LH levels in postmenopausal women. For 4 weeks, the women consumed congener amounts corresponding to those present in one standard drink of the beverage daily.

Basal hormone levels were determined before the women began the experiment. Trough levels represent the lowest hormone levels that were detected during the 4-week administration period of alcoholic beverage congeners. Recovery levels were determined 1 week after the last ingestion of congeners. All congeners had estrogenlike effects i. The effects of the various congeners did not differ significantly.

NOTE: The wide bars represent mean values, whereas the narrow brackets represent the standard error of the mean. The differences in baseline levels result from variations in the mean levels of the subjects in the various groups. Peak levels represent the highest hormone levels that were detected during the 4-week administration period of alcoholic beverage congeners. The studies described in the previous sections strongly support the hypothesis that congeners present in alcoholic beverages can produce measurable estrogenic effects, even at moderate drinking levels.

Specifically, those studies found the following:. Alcoholic beverage congeners exerted estrogenic effects both in an experimental animal model and in post-menopausal women. The estrogenic effects of alcoholic beverage congeners were detectable using a variety of estrogenic markers, including the pituitary hormones LH in OVEX rats and postmenopausal women , FSH, and prolactin in postmenopausal women ; uterus weight in OVEX rats ; and the estrogen-responsive liver proteins HDL cholesterol and SHBG in postmenopausal women.

In both the experimental animals and the postmenopausal women, the changes in the levels of all estrogenic markers were consistent with the presence of biologically active phytoestrogens in the congeners. Red wine congeners and bourbon congeners produced similar estrogenic effects in experimental animals and in postmenopausal women. Various aspects of the estrogenic effects of alcoholic beverage congeners, however, remain to be elucidated. For example, it is currently unknown whether and how phytoestrogens in alcoholic beverage congeners affect the lining of the uterus and the mineral content of the bones, both of which are influenced by estrogens produced in the body.

These issues should be explored in clinical trials in which the participants are randomly assigned to receiving congeners. Furthermore, researchers must address the question of how the phytoestrogenic congeners interact with the alcohol in alcoholic beverages. So far, the effects of these substances have only been investigated separately; however, every person who consumes alcoholic beverages ingests both the alcohol and the congeners.

Scientists have yet to determine how these potential interactions can best be evaluated. Castro, Stephen R. Deal, Donald J. Ferguson, Susan E. Harman, and Elaine Rosenblum to this work. Prolactin production is increased in the presence of estrogen. J Clin Med , 8 12 , 27 Nov Diagn Pathol , 13 1 , 03 Apr Food Funct , 5 9 , 01 Sep Cited by: 2 articles PMID: Deepinder F , Braunstein GD. Expert Opin Drug Saf , 11 5 , 06 Aug Cited by: 39 articles PMID: J Womens Health Larchmt , 19 10 , 01 Oct Review Free to read.

To arrive at the top five similar articles we use a word-weighted algorithm to compare words from the Title and Abstract of each citation. Alcohol Alcohol Suppl , , 01 Jan Cited by: 5 articles PMID: Cited by: 21 articles PMID: Alcohol Clin Exp Res , 15 5 , 01 Oct Cited by: 11 articles PMID: Rohsenow DJ , Howland J. Curr Drug Abuse Rev , 3 2 , 01 Jun Cited by: 15 articles PMID: Europe PMC requires Javascript to function effectively.

Recent Activity. Recent history Saved searches. Search articles by 'J S Gavaler'. Gavaler JS 1. Affiliations 1 author 1. Share this article Share with email Share with twitter Share with linkedin Share with facebook. Abstract Alcoholic beverages contain not only alcohol but also numerous other substances i.

Free full text. Alcohol Health Res World. PMID: Judith S. Gavaler , Ph. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Gavaler, Ph. Copyright notice. Unless otherwise noted in the text, all material appearing in this journal is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission. Citation of the source is appreciated.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Go to:. Keywords: alcoholic beverage, congener, estrogens, male, female, plant, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, testicular dysfunction, feminization, hypothesis testing, biochemical mechanism, animal model, ovary, moderate AOD use, prolactin, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, cholesterol, globulins, literature review.

Estrogens and Their Activities Estrogens are female sex hormones that are produced primarily in the ovaries. Phytoestrogens in Alcoholic Beverages—A Hypothesis Case studies have shown that men with liver damage resulting from excessive alcohol consumption i. Open in a separate window. Figure 1.

The Experimental Animal Model To maximize the probability of detecting a response to biologically active phytoestrogens in alcoholic beverage congeners, researchers needed to use animals that produced no or very little estrogen themselves. Figure 2. Figure 3. The Human Study Sample The study recruited 24 postmenopausal women ranging from ages 57 to 59 46 percent from minority populations who were not using estrogen replacement therapy i.

Figure 4. Figure 5. Bordeaux Symposium. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Gonadal dysfunction and inadequate sexual performance in cirrhotic alcoholic men. Alcoholic beverages: A source of estrogenic substances? Alcohol and Alcoholism. Biologically active phytoestrogens are present in bourbon. The phytoestrogen congeners of alcoholic beverages: Current status.

Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine. Hidden hormones in alcoholic beverages. In: Watson RR, editor.

RESUME LYON LORIENT

However, untreated raw distillery effluent stimulated the protein content initially. Biotechnological process for obtaining new fermented products from cashew apple fruit by Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains. In Brazil, the use of cashew apple Anacardium occidentale L.

This work focuses on the development of an alcoholic product obtained by the fermentation of cashew apple juice. The inoculation with two different strains of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae viz. Each inoculum was added to 1, ml of cashew must. After 6 days, the fermentation process was completed, cells removed by filtration and centrifugation, and the products were stabilized under refrigeration for a period of 20 days.

Optimization of brewery's spent grain dilute-acid hydrolysis for the production of pentose-rich culture media. The Prevalence of Diet-Induced Migraine. Twenty-nine percent of the patients reported sensitivity to alcohol; again this was significantly associated with sensitivity to the three food stuffs, though a substantial number of patients were sensitive to alcohol but not foods.

Thirty-one percent of female patients believed that oral contraceptives precipitated headaches, but this could not be related to any dietary response. Patients with affected relatives were significantly more likely to report sensitivity to alcohol and chocolate; sensitivity to cheese and citrus fruit was less strongly related, and there was no relationship at all for oral contraceptives. These correlations suggest that food induced headaches are mediated by chemical constituents common to these foods.

Ingredients and contaminants of traditional alcoholic beverages in Tanzania. Home-made but commercially available alcoholic beverages were collected in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and analysed for their congener alcohol, additive, aflatoxin and heavy metal contents. Ethanol concentrations of the 15 brewed samples Ethanol concentrations of the 15 brewed samples ranged from 2. Aflatoxin B1 was found in 9 brewed beverages, suggesting the use of contaminated grain or fruit for their production.

One brewed beverage contained toxic amount of manganese Both distilled spirits were rich in fusel alcohols and one was fortified by caffeine. The results suggested that impurities and contaminants possibly associated with severe health risks, including carcinogens, are often found in traditional alcoholic beverages. Continuous daily drinking of these beverages is certain to increase health risks. Contaminated grain or fruit rejected from foodstuff production should not be used for the production of alcoholic beverages.

Pulping of blue agave waste, from the production of tequila, was evaluated by both chemical and biomechanical pulping processes. Two conventional and two organosolv systems were used to pulp the agave waste under a standard set of Two conventional and two organosolv systems were used to pulp the agave waste under a standard set of conditions. The soda-ethanol process was superior in terms of delignification and pulp properties in comparison to the soda and ethanol organosolv processes for pulping of agave waste; however, the kraft process gave the best strength properties.

In general, the strength of the agave waste pulps was rather poor in comparison to wood and other agro-based pulps; however, the tear strength was relatively high. Fungal treatment of the agave waste with Ceriporiopsis subvermispora reduced the energy consumption for mechanical refining but gave biomechanical pulps with inferior strength properties. The blue agave chemical pulps should be suitable for blending with softwood kraft pulps for publication grade paper. Risk factors for renal cell carcinoma in Denmark.

Role of socioeconomic status, tobacco use, beverages, and family history. Cardioprotective effects of red wine and vodka in a model of endothelial dysfunction. Mechanism for reduced pericardial adhesion formation in hypercholesterolemic swine supplemented with alcohol.

Alcohol Advertising and Youth. Media, product differences and seasonality in alcohol advertising in To spell out recent events related to the alcohol advertising controversy and to describe the extent of alcohol advertising for 1 year, the media favored for advertising different types of alcoholic beverages and seasonal variation in To spell out recent events related to the alcohol advertising controversy and to describe the extent of alcohol advertising for 1 year, the media favored for advertising different types of alcoholic beverages and seasonal variation in advertising patterns.

Monthly advertising data for were obtained from a variety of sources, including a commercial media monitoring service, a watchdog group, and trade and business press. Media examined were national and local television, radio, magazines, newspapers and billboards.

Television received the preponderance of alcohol advertising dollars for beer, wine, wine coolers and premixed drinks. Distilled spirits relied mostly on magazine advertising. Beer was the most heavily advertised product. More than half of televised beer ads aired on Saturday or Sunday afternoon during sporting events.

Hard liquor and mixed drinks were combined into one response category to be consistent with the extant literature, as both types are derived from distilled spirits. Adolescents were categorized as heavy drinkers if they reported having five or more alcoholic drinks in a row at least once in the previous two weeks.

How did you get the alcohol? Two ethnic variables were created:. To examine the prevalence of beverage-specific consumption, we created five dummy variables to describe the use of each type of alcoholic beverage during last drinking occasion: beer, malt beverages, wine, flavored beverages, and hard liquor. We used logistic regression to test the effects of type of beverage consumed at age 13 on drinking behaviors at age Specifically, we tested the effects of beer, hard liquor, flavored drinks, and malt beverage consumption on four drinking behaviors, including past month use, past week use, ever being drunk, and heavy drinking in the past 2 weeks.

Wine users were selected as the reference group because the literature suggests that increased risk is associated with other beverage types compared to wine Flensborg-Madsen et al. Robust clustered standard errors were calculated to account for the multilevel nature of the data since participants were nested within 32 schools.

To identify the types of beverages most frequently consumed by youth in 7th grade our first research question , we examined the prevalence of wine, beer, hard liquor, flavored drinks, and malt beverage consumption Table 1. Results indicated that the prevalence of wine use The prevalence of wine was significantly higher when compared with the prevalence of hard liquor There were no significant differences on the effects of malt or flavored beverages on drinking behaviors when compared to wine users.

As described in Figure 1 , parents were the primary sources of alcohol for all types of beverages, with the exception of hard liquor for hard liquor, other adults and parents were equally the primary sources. Obtaining alcohol from someone under 21, home, and commercial outlets were less common sources.

Overall, among the drinkers in this sample, alcohol was most frequently obtained from parental sources. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of beverage-specific alcohol consumption, test the effect of beverage type used at age 13 on drinking behaviors at age 14, and examine differences in the sources of alcohol by type of beverage. The current study provides evidence of the effects of alcohol beverage selection during early adolescence as risk factor for drinking behaviors over time.

This suggests that wine and beer were consumed most frequently within this sample of adolescent drinkers, followed by hard liquor. The MTF study, however, did not report a high prevalence of wine use among their sample of high school seniors. In fact, only However, another study among adolescents in 9th—11th grades found that wine These differences may be attributable to different age groups, general versus high-risk populations, and study methodologies implemented in these studies i.

Future studies should examine whether the prevalence of wine use is higher during early- and mid-adolescence, and whether the prevalence of liquor use increases with age e. Findings suggest that use of hard liquor in 7th grade is associated with increased risk of reporting drunkenness and recent alcohol use past week and past month , after controlling for several demographic variables and baseline drinking behavior. Hard liquor use was significantly associated with increased the risk of heavy drinking before adjusting for baseline alcohol use, which suggests that hard liquor use was relatively high and consistent among adolescent alcohol users in 7th and 8th grade.

This finding is consistent with the previous cross-sectional studies, which reported that specific beverages e. Findings also suggest that sources of alcohol among early adolescents did not vary by beverage type. Parents were the primary source for each specific beverage, with the exception of hard liquor parents and someone under 21 supplied liquor at similar levels.

The current study has important implications for prevention science and alcohol policy research. First, various strategies to reduce underage drinking are beverage-specific, and understanding what underage youth are drinking may lend support for alcohol-control policies.

Second, it is important to acknowledge that marketing practices are also beverage-specific and may influence the differences in beverage-specific consumption patterns observed in this study. For instance, increases in hard liquor specific marketing on cable television which target a large youth audience might be associated with the increased consumption of hard liquor among adolescents observed nationally in the Monitoring the Future study Johnston et al.

The Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth CAMY reported that in , nearly 1 in 5 alcohol advertisements were placed on programming that youth aged 12 to 20 were more likely to see than adults. Further, beer and hard liquor advertising is also prevalent in the communities in which urban youth from our study resided.

Thus, alcohol advertising and exposure to advertisement may impact the types of beverages adolescents consume. Our work is consistent with prior research suggesting that social sources e. Parental sources may be of particular importance, as adolescents who obtained alcohol from parents indicated increased intentions to use alcohol in the upcoming month, past year alcohol use, drunkenness, and heavy drinking Komro et al.

The current study links the source to specific types of alcohol, and beverage-specific consumption to alcohol-related consequences 1 year later. Therefore, the current study highlights the role of parents as an important target when developing programs to prevent alcohol use among adolescents. The current study has a few limitations. First, this study does not address the type of beverages that adolescents regularly consume; rather, our measure examined the type of beverage and source of alcohol during the last drinking occasion.

Second, this sample was primarily low-income, urban adolescents in Chicago, and thus may not be representative of the general adolescent population. Third, wine and wine coolers were measured as a single response, and consumption of wine coolers may be more accurately measured by itself or in another category.

Future research on beverage selection should focus on characterizing types of alcoholic beverages as specifically as possible among younger populations across diverse cultural, socioeconomic, and geographical contexts. Despite the limitations, the current study has several strengths. Therefore, it is important to examine whether adolescents have different beverage-specific behavioral tendencies compared to adults.

The younger population surveyed in this study permits the examination of beverage-specific consumption during early adolescence, a developmental period where the literature on alcoholic beverage use is scarce. Second, this study utilized longitudinal data on alcoholic beverage use and alcohol-related consequences 1 year later.

This is an important contribution to the literature, as the vast majority of extant research has been cross-sectional. Third, adolescents were permitted to specify up to six types of beverages consumed on their last drinking occasion, while previous work has limited response options to beer, wine, and hard liquor.

Finally, our study measured adolescent drinking behavior prior to high school, a time period that has been measured previously in only a few studies. To expand upon this study, longitudinal studies should be used to evaluate risk and protective factors associated with predictors and consequences of beverage type consumed.

Longitudinal analyses of beverage-specific consumption would be optimal for examining the effect of type of beverage on other consequences later in life alcohol dependence, abuse, delinquency, etc. It is possible that there is a gateway effect for certain beverages e. Identification of predictors that are associated with beverage-specific consumption that best predict heavy drinking e.

Future studies should examine how these differences in beverage-specific use may be attributable to modeling of parental beverage selection and differential exposure to alcohol advertising. Future research should also examine ethnic differences in the prevalence of beverage-specific alcohol use and the effects on alcohol-related consequences. These findings have a number of implications for the field of drug education.

In these neighborhoods, multilevel and multi-component drug education interventions are necessary to target risk factors for the prevention of early alcohol initiation at the neighborhood, school, family, and individual level. Additionally, this study provides support for the development of preventive efforts to reduce the initiation and progression of alcohol behaviors during early adolescence. It is essential that parents, teachers, school nurses, doctors and other health care providers and educators to reduce alcohol problems in their communities and neighborhoods.

Preventive medicine has the potential to play an important role in the screening and implementation of interventions targeting early adolescents at high-risk for initiating and developing problematic drinking behaviors, such as those reporting drinking hard liquor during early adolescence. In conclusion, the current study examined the prevalence of beverage type, sources of each type of beverage, and the effects of beverage-specific alcohol use on drinking behaviors during early and middle adolescence among low-income, urban adolescents.

Results from this study provide evidence of the effects of alcohol beverage selection during early adolescence as risk factor for drinking behaviors over time. The majority of 7th grade drinkers consumed wine and beer, followed by hard liquor. Consumption of hard liquor in 7th grade was associated with increased risk for drunkenness, and past month and past week alcohol use in 8th grade. Because these specific beverages shared a similar source e.

We gratefully acknowledge the participation of students and parents. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. J Drug Educ. Author manuscript; available in PMC Jul Mildred M. Maldonado-Molina , Jennifer M. Reingle , Amy L. Tobler , and Kelli A. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. University of Florida, College of Medicine, Gainesville.

Direct reprint requests to: Mildred M. Box , Gainesville, FL , ude. Copyright notice. The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at J Drug Educ. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article.

Abstract Alcoholic beverage consumption among high school students has shifted from beer to liquor. Specifically, this study addressed three research questions: what is the most prevalent type of beverage consumed; what are the effects of beverage-specific use on alcohol behaviors 1 year later e. Participants The 7th grade PNC study sample included 2, adolescents in the control condition.

Analytical Strategy To examine the prevalence of beverage-specific consumption, we created five dummy variables to describe the use of each type of alcoholic beverage during last drinking occasion: beer, malt beverages, wine, flavored beverages, and hard liquor. RESULTS Prevalence of Type of Beverage To identify the types of beverages most frequently consumed by youth in 7th grade our first research question , we examined the prevalence of wine, beer, hard liquor, flavored drinks, and malt beverage consumption Table 1.

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Newhouse notes that one estimate suggests that million workdays are missed in the US each year because of alcoholism. Alcohol Dependency Research Papers look at the psychological effects of alcohol dependency. Prenatal Drug Exposure - The use of illicit drugs and alcohol is prevalent in our society today and the effects on crime, domestic violence and traffic injuries are well documented.

Polyneuropathy Degenerative Neurological Disorder - Effects of Alcohol Research Papers delve into how it effects the nervous system and can contribute to polyneuropathy degenerative neurological disorder. Women and Substance Abuse - Another factor regarding the abuse of alcohol and drugs in female workers that can be costly to the organization is the physical effects that accompany such dependency.

Discovery Education is science and health education, providing lessons in such topics as photosynthesis, genetics, the human skeleton, and the effects of alcohol on the human body. Chemical and Alcohol Substance Abuse - Describe the behavioral effects associated with marijuana use. Early Stages of Pregnancy - All of the major organs develop. From weeks three through eight, the developing fetus is particularly vulnerable to the effects of toxins such as alcohol.

Adolescent Substance Abuse - Chemical and alcohol substance abuse is on the rise in teenagers. Underage Drinking - The facts reveal that alcohol has become the drug of choice for the vast amount of underage youths, often leading to accident-related deaths. Premature Babies - Prenatal Drug Exposure Research Papers discuss the effects of drugs and alcohol on fetal development.

Birth Defects - Fetal alcohol syndrome is a birth defect that is easily preventable. Alcohol and Crime - Alcohol and Crime research papers look into the long established relationship between alcohol and crime in history and the sociological problems that result. Crime and Alcohol research papers discuss the contribution alcohol has in delinquent behaviors and crime. Alcohol Abuse in College - Alcohol Abuse in College research papers discuss the negative academic consequences of alcohol abuse in college.

This page is designed to show you how to write a research project on the topic you see here. Learn from our sample or order a custom written research paper from Paper Masters. Text Us. Email Us. Effects of Alcohol Research Papers Effects of alcohol research papers from Paper Masters can be custom ordered to include any aspect of the effects of alcohol you need explored.

Alcohol and the Brain Alcohol effects the brain in several ways depending on the level of consumption. Long Term Effects of Drinking Alcohol There is, however, no controversy over the long-term effects of heavy drinking. Alcohol Abuse Drinking alcohol is allowed after a specific age and is not considered illegal, harmful or immoral. However, consuming alcoholic beverages frequently may lead to negative consequences.

The main issue is to understand if an individual is having problems with alcohol. It is difficult to distinguish between moderate or social drinking to actual problem drinking. Alcohol abuse can become a problem of anyone, therefore it is important to recognize warning signs in time and get rid of them. Alcohol abuse is such drinking pattern, which causes harmful consequences to physical or emotional health of a person, influences his or her interpersonal relationships, or ability to work negatively.

There are signs of alcohol abuse, which are …show more content… The first one is to admit to having a drinking problem. The second step is to find a right adequate help. It is possible to address rehab center or specialist and get a full therapy or rely on self-help programs.

In any case, recovery is a long ongoing process. As it was said above, youth is at a bigger risk of alcohol abuse, hence there programs developed to help parents to prevent alcohol abuse in their kids. The programs include educating of the importance of negative childhood experiences and using motivational interviewing to treat the abuse, which is focused on positive rewards.

The ideal aim of treatment is stopping the use of alcohol. The entire process of treating alcohol abuse involves a giant social network and family support. There is a need to admit that it can be helpful for some people, who abuse alcohol, to reduce the amount they drink. Unfortunately, this method does not always work properly, and there is a need to refuse using alcohol at all. This can be quite difficult because of the evidence that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol is able to protect from developing coronary heart disease.

This idea is effectively tested and promoted by alcohol manufacturers, but the actual supporting data are still controversial Smith, Robinson …show more content… The catch here is a desire to stop. Myth number two is based on the thought that drinking is a personal problem. In fact, it is not. This problem influences family members, business issues and a total rate of driving accidents.

The third myth assures a person that drinking not every day or drinking light alcoholic beverages is impossible to cause alcohol abuse. The clue here is in causing actual problems to a life of a person, and it does not matter what, how many and when one drinks. The issue is based on consequences only.

The fourth myth is based on the popular belief until a person has a job and looks okay. However, all of this makes a person a high-functioning alcoholic, who is going to experience the consequences later. And the last one, but not the least myth that is popular is a belief that drinking is not an addiction. Medical testing have already proved that alcohol is a drug, which causes changes in the body and brain just the same as drug addiction does.

Alcoholics experience the entire withdrawal syndrome when they stop drinking, just the same as drug users do Smith et al. Get Access. Depression And Alcohol Abuse Research Paper Words 3 Pages Abstract Alcohol use disorder AUD , otherwise known as alcoholism, is the continual use of alcohol that eventually leads to becoming both physically and psychologically dependent. Read More.

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Polyneuropathy Degenerative Neurological Disorder - Effects of Alcohol Research Papers delve into how it effects the nervous system and can contribute to polyneuropathy degenerative neurological disorder. Women and Substance Abuse - Another factor regarding the abuse of alcohol and drugs in female workers that can be costly to the organization is the physical effects that accompany such dependency. Discovery Education is science and health education, providing lessons in such topics as photosynthesis, genetics, the human skeleton, and the effects of alcohol on the human body.

Chemical and Alcohol Substance Abuse - Describe the behavioral effects associated with marijuana use. Early Stages of Pregnancy - All of the major organs develop. From weeks three through eight, the developing fetus is particularly vulnerable to the effects of toxins such as alcohol. Adolescent Substance Abuse - Chemical and alcohol substance abuse is on the rise in teenagers. Underage Drinking - The facts reveal that alcohol has become the drug of choice for the vast amount of underage youths, often leading to accident-related deaths.

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Introduction to Alcoholic Beverages

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Method Source material came from an extensive review of organizational websites, news- paper articles, journal papers, letters to the editor, editorials, books. View Alcoholic Beverages Research Papers on d-frag.com for free. The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at J The study of beverage-specific consumption among adolescents is.