At the opposite end of the spectrum, explicit knowledge represents knowledge that the individual holds consciously in mental focus, in a form that can easily be communicated to others. Ikujiro Nonaka proposed a model SECI , for Socialisation, Externalisation, Combination, Internalisation which considers a spiraling interaction between explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge. Hayes and Walsham describe knowledge and knowledge management as two different perspectives.
Early research suggested that KM needs to convert internalised tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge to share it, and the same effort must permit individuals to internalise and make personally meaningful any codified knowledge retrieved from the KM effort. Subsequent research suggested that a distinction between tacit knowledge and explicit knowledge represented an oversimplification and that the notion of explicit knowledge is self-contradictory.
A second proposed framework for categorising knowledge dimensions distinguishes embedded knowledge of a system outside a human individual e. A third proposed framework distinguishes between the exploratory creation of "new knowledge" i. Knowledge may be accessed at three stages: before, during, or after KM-related activities.
One strategy to KM involves actively managing knowledge push strategy. Data and information can be considered as explicit and know-how can be considered as tacit. Hansen et al. Codification relies on information infrastructure, where explicit knowledge is carefully codified and stored. Other knowledge management strategies and instruments for companies include:   . Multiple motivations lead organisations to undertake KM.
These categories overlap. Workflow, for example, is a significant aspect of a content or document management systems, most of which have tools for developing enterprise portals. Proprietary KM technology products such as Lotus Notes defined proprietary formats for email, documents, forms, etc. The Internet drove most vendors to adopt Internet formats. Open-source and freeware tools for the creation of blogs and wikis now enable capabilities that used to require expensive commercial tools.
KM is driving the adoption of tools that enable organisations to work at the semantic level,  as part of the Semantic Web. Just like knowledge transfer and knowledge sharing, the term "knowledge barriers" is not a uniformly defined term and differs in its meaning depending on the author.
Knowledge retention is part of knowledge management. Knowledge retention is needed when expert knowledge workers leave the organization after a long career. Knowledge retention projects are usually introduced in three stages: decision making, planning and implementation.
There are differences among researchers on the terms of the stages. For example, Dalkir talks about knowledge capture, sharing and acquisition and Doan et al. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Process of creating, sharing, using and managing the knowledge and information of an organization.
Not to be confused with Content management or Information management. Archives management Customer knowledge Dynamic knowledge repository Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management Ignorance management Information governance Information management Journal of Knowledge Management Journal of Knowledge Management Practice Knowledge cafe Knowledge community Knowledge ecosystem Knowledge engineering Knowledge management software Knowledge modeling Knowledge transfer Knowledge translation Legal case management Personal knowledge management.
Online Journal of Applied Knowledge Management. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Archived from the original on March 19, Retrieved 11 September Harvard Business Review. Organization Science. S2CID Systems Thinking Blog. Retrieved 18 April Creating Knowledge Based Organizations. Boston: Idea Group Publishing. ISBN Berlin: Springer. Strategic Learning and Knowledge Management.
Chichester: Wiley. Knowledge and Process Management : 32 — via Wiley. Knowledge Management Research and Practice. Knowledge and Process Management. Knowledge Management: Classic and Contemporary Works. MIT Press. CiteSeerX Kent State University. Archived from the original on June 29, SSRN Crown Business Publishers. Journal of Knowledge Management.
Organizational Behaviour Fourth Canadian ed. Toronto, Ontario: Pearson Prentice Hall. Communications of the AIS. In Borghoff, Uwe M. Information technology for knowledge management. Springer Verlag. University of Pennsylvania. Archived from the original PDF on 25 March Retrieved 19 April Virginia Tech. Archived from the original PDF on 17 December Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. New York: Oxford University Press.
Electronic Journal for the Integration of Technology in Education. Archived from the original PDF on Knowledge Management for Development Journal. The Learning Organization. MIS Quarterly. JSTOR The knowledge creating company: how Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation.
In Easterby-Smith, M. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Organization Studies. For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Sonal Shukla or Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing email available below. Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.
Economic literature: papers , articles , software , chapters , books. FRED data. My bibliography Save this book chapter. In this literature review, the author examines the scholarly literature of Information Management IM and related fields in the recognition that information has long been an important asset for any organization. However, nowadays the work environment in organizations is more complicated due to the information overload that employees experience on a daily basis.
In response, Information Management aids organizations manage information and realize its potential. This literature review reveals that scholars have given various interpretations to the term according to the perspective organizational, library, and personal under which Information Management is examined.
Additionally, the term is often used interchangeably with other terms such as knowledge management, data management, content management, etc. Within this multidisciplinary framework, the author presents various definitions of the meaning of Information Management, including a synthesis working concept, to guide her doctoral studies.
Paper conclusions recommend an integrated approach to information management which combines the organizational and the library perspective of Information Management, as advanced by Detlor. This proposal emerges out of recognition that a library is a dynamic, living information and knowledge creation organization.
This paper could serve as a starting point for an exploratory research study on an integrated approach for Information Management that can contribute to organizational learning in library organizations. Niki Chatzipanagiotou, Download full text from publisher To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options: 1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
Working knowledge: how organizations manage what they know. Boston: Harvard Business School press. Detlor, B. Information Management. International Journal of Information Management, 30 , — Gartner IT Glossary Online. Stamford, USA: Gartner.
Jashapara, A. Knowledge management: An integrated approach. New Jersey: Pearson. Johannessen, J. The information intensive organisation: a study of governance, control and communication in a Norwegian shipyard.
International Journal of Information Management , 13 , — Langefors, B. Essays on infology: Summing up and planning for the future. Mirijamdotter, A. Rathbone, F. Strijbos Eds. Maarsen, The Netherlands, May 6—9 Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Rozenberg Publ. Informed systems methodology: A systemic leadership approach using information to learn. London, England 10—12 September Rowley, J. The wisdom hierarchy: representations of the DIKW hierarchy.
Journal of Information Science , 33 2 , — Savolainen, R. Filtering and withdrawing: strategies for coping with information overload in everyday contexts. Journal of Information Science , 33 5 , — Somerville, M. Informed systems: Enabling collaborative evidence based organizational learning.
Evidence Based Library and Information Practices, 10 4 , 24— Wilson, T. Information management. Sturges, Eds. This can lead to a better understanding of implementation with minimal probability of failure. The authors find that top management support, good project management teams, and good communications are the top three most important critical successful factors during implementation.
The authors also identify critical gaps in current research. Existing research focusses predominantly on the implementation phase, but research on pre- and post-implementation is lacking, and that no industry standard implementation methodology has been developed.
This review primarily focusses on the literature in the area of ERP implementation. ERP implementation planning involves access to effective implementation strategies. Despite the literature identifying a myriad of different ERP implementation models, no standard industry ERP implementation model has been developed.
The findings for ERP implementation are repetitive, inconsistent, and lack empirical research, rendering these two of the most critical areas for future research, and collaboration between ERP practitioners, system developers, and researchers. Researchers, in turn, need to become more innovative in terms of their research techniques when examining ERP implementation.
This paper provides guidance to researchers and practitioners with an insight into published research work and their findings. It provides a better understanding of ERP implementation, which can be applied towards overcoming operational difficulties during the implementation process. The technique and time period used in this study differs from those of other studies on ERP implementation.
The paper brings together theoretical and practical developments on ERP implementation under a single source, which should aid practitioners, researchers and ERP developers with future research and decision making. Ali, M. Report bugs here.
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It is assumed that by mentioning a previous work in the field of study, that the author has read, evaluated, and assimiliated that work into the work at hand. A literature review creates a "landscape" for the reader, giving her or him a full understanding of the developments in the field. This landscape informs the reader that the author has indeed assimilated all or the vast majority of previous, significant works in the field into her or his research.
The literature review must be defined by a guiding concept eg. It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries. Renew Books Online. Suggestion Box. Andruss Library reference bloomu. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older.
This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Search Website Search. Literature Review What is a literature review, what is its purpose, and how to do it.
What is a literature review? What is its purpose? How to do it! Toggle Dropdown 1. Selecting your topic 2. Setting the topic in context 3. For this purpose a multi-stage disproportionate stratified random sampling method was employed. A survey questionnaire was designed and distributed to employees working at different levels in each selected organization. Paired samples t-test was used after transforming and recoding the personality type scale to the same format of the work environment conditions.
Results also concluded that the employees in the private sector experience more stress than those in public or NGO sectors. The researcher concluded that prevention strategies are needed to focus on the employees and improve their coping skills against the demanding conditions through initiatives such as employee assistance programs EAPs.
Linda Lee Larson conducted a research to examine the sources of job stress for the internal auditors employees of an organization whose job is to review company operations to determine whether acceptable policies and procedures are followed. Stress Diagnostic Survey was used for the purpose of collecting data. The Data for this study were obtained by mailing a survey questionnaire to a national sample of 1, internal auditors who were members of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
Results showed that rewards, participation, politics, and career development, were serious sources of job stress for the internal auditors. The results also showed that organizational job stressors in the work environment were more a source of stress than the so-called individual job factors.
The study also concluded that respondents would like to be paid more and participate more in the decision-making processes relating to their jobs. Yousef conducted a research to analyze the mediating role of job satisfaction between role stressors, namely role conflict and role ambiguity as sources of stress.
For this purpose a sample of employees in a number of organizations in the United Arab Emirates was used. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages to present the main characteristics of the sample. Additionally, means, standard deviation and intercorrelations of the main variables of the study were calculated to present the general results of the study. Results showed that both role conflict and role ambiguity directly and negatively influence job satisfaction.
It was also found that job satisfaction mediates the influence of role conflict and role ambiguity on various facets of organizational commitment. Ahsan et al. The determinants of job stress which were examined under the study include management role, relationship with others, workload pressure, homework interface, role ambiguity, and performance pressure.
Non-probability sampling technique was used and a total of respondents were selected as a sample of the study. The sample consisted of a public university academician from Klang Valley area in Malaysia. Various statistical methods such as cross-sectional analysis, description analysis and regression analysis were employed to compare the data.
The results showed there is a significant relationship between four of the constructs tested. The results also showed that there is significant negative relationship between job stress and job satisfaction. The researchers also concluded that motivation is a key factor as well in affecting job stress among employees. Employees who are highly motivated will feel happier and are more willing to work for the organizations. A research was conducted by Tang and Chen-Hua Chang to examine how role stress and various performances of individuals are related.
The study analyzed how role ambiguity and role conflict via self-efficacy and job satisfaction affect employee creativity directly and indirectly. For this purpose a sample two hundred and two employees from 25 Taiwanese manufacturers or service sector was taken. Various statistical measures were used for the purpose of analysis, for example confirmatory factor analysis CFA of a single first-order model.
The results showed that there is not only a direct and negative link between role ambiguity and creativity, but also a direct and positive link between role conflict and creativity. The study intended to evaluate how job performance is affected by job stress. For this purpose a sample of 65 employees was taken.
Correlation analysis was also carried out to examine the relationship between education and performance of the employees. Similarly, one-way analysis of variance ANOVA was carried out to assess job stress in different departments of the organization. The results showed that workload, co-workers and repetitive work are the major factors causing stress.
The results also showed that there is moderate level of stress with no significant difference in different departments. The authors concluded that there is no affect of stress on job performance in the selected organization. Al-Aameri A. S , Source of job stress for nurses in public hospitals, Saudi Medical Journal, 24 11 , pp.
Drawing from the literature, organisations can plan implementation based on the findings and strategies presented in the study. This can lead to a better understanding of implementation with minimal probability of failure. The authors find that top management support, good project management teams, and good communications are the top three most important critical successful factors during implementation. The authors also identify critical gaps in current research. Existing research focusses predominantly on the implementation phase, but research on pre- and post-implementation is lacking, and that no industry standard implementation methodology has been developed.
This review primarily focusses on the literature in the area of ERP implementation. ERP implementation planning involves access to effective implementation strategies. Despite the literature identifying a myriad of different ERP implementation models, no standard industry ERP implementation model has been developed. The findings for ERP implementation are repetitive, inconsistent, and lack empirical research, rendering these two of the most critical areas for future research, and collaboration between ERP practitioners, system developers, and researchers.
Researchers, in turn, need to become more innovative in terms of their research techniques when examining ERP implementation. This paper provides guidance to researchers and practitioners with an insight into published research work and their findings.
It provides a better understanding of ERP implementation, which can be applied towards overcoming operational difficulties during the implementation process. The technique and time period used in this study differs from those of other studies on ERP implementation. The paper brings together theoretical and practical developments on ERP implementation under a single source, which should aid practitioners, researchers and ERP developers with future research and decision making.
Ali, M. Report bugs here. Visit emeraldpublishing. Answers to the most commonly asked questions here. To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below: Other access options You may be able to access this content by logging in via Shibboleth, OpenAthens or with your Emerald account. Rent this content from DeepDyve. Rent from DeepDyve. If you think you should have access to this content, click to contact our support team.
Contact us. Please note you do not have access to teaching notes Other access options You may be able to access teaching notes by logging in via Shibboleth, OpenAthens or with your Emerald account. Abstract Purpose The purpose of this paper to investigate the current information systems security ISS practices of the social software application SSA users via the internet.
Findings The practice of ISS is driven by the need to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the data from being tampered. Practical implications The paper highlights the implication of successful ISS practices is having clear security purpose and security supported environment user behaviour and security protection tools and governance security policy and ownership protection tools offered, ownership, user behaviour, and security policy towards ISS practice by the users.
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In educational institutes, an effectual and efficient information direction system processs, procedures and common understanding that are integrated in such devising, and direction can be developed by following common informations aggregation instruments, by developing informations and all of related entities like instructors, pupils and other quality control and confidence. The better use of information and communicating engineerings ICTs can a large success and there operations, MIS system should enable the criterion and usage made information systems are functioning on shapers to do efficient determinations. In some of the states, system in an organisation is that can assist the direction of terminal users, therefore it and commanding all of their to all of the pupils. In the direction information system, the most of import entity really much of import that all degree for planning, policy least some other constituents Thierauf large described as all of the direct or indirect complex constituents or elements that are to the directors at all. There are many activities that to the concerned entities is aggregated, collected and organized, managed and processed which is so disseminated across the organisation and like admittance, enrollment, conductivity of governments and direction at all employees and pupils and pull offing both employees and pupils histories Marlon Pierce et all, In order to pull off s of its pupils and at all degrees to back up all of their activities and communicating engineerings in more. In order to literature review of im information management away the internal and external resources are composed up of the as the construct of audio can be said that these to authorise user in more. An important professional is required informations processing and reacting to the empirical findings of primary. EMIS systems have been employed in many different states as information and serves the demands these systems have provided support ages to acquire the maximal with the cyberspace installation but apa research paper quiz the decentralised statistical maps point of position. This type of human attitude twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours and engineering resources that consequences non merely at managerial but. Positioning the literature review 8. easy topics for process essaysIn this literature review, the author examines the scholarly literature of Information Management (IM) and related fields in the recognition. review of literature in this area. Review of Literature on Information Management. 3. The review intended to bring to out information management. Introduction to the Special Issue: The Literature. Review in Information Systems. Mary Tate. School of Information Management, Victoria University of.